They have to work under the hot sun in appalling conditions. Rubbish is everywhere and most areas lack sanitation and excrement an d rats are found on the street. It has a village feel despite its high population density and has a central social square. The city grew during British rule as variety of services grew up around the port and continued to grow after British left in This case study will explore how urbanization, suburbanization, counter urbanization and now reurbanisation processes have occurred in the Mumbai region and how those processes have been managed. Also at risk are the local shops and markets and the community spirit which has taken generations to develop. However, 80 per cent of these mainly public toilets were unusable because of blockages, filth and disrepair.

Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial past, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India’s specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources. There are also mosques catering for people’s religious needs. This increases the wealth of the country and through the multiplier effect and also creates other jobs for less skilled people. India’s economic changes have caused rapid urbanisation. Each has an additional open terrace on which to make pots, which are fired in a community kiln. There are also toxic wastes in the slum including hugely dangerous heavy metals.

However, it is humans who work to sift the rubbish in the tips where children and women sift through the rubbish for valuable waste. Third, these areas extend outwards and can sutdy reclaiming land next to creeks and mangrove, and slopes in the hills of Salsette can be colonised too.

gcse geography case study dharavi

It was established by potters from Gujarat 70 years ago and has grown into a settlement of over 10, people. This approach has lower costs than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable. From the tip it arrives in Dharavi where it is processed. Dharavi has a recycling zone. The centre of density of population has shifted from the island city well into suburban Salsette.


gcse geography case study dharavi

Most of India’s major television and satellite networks, as well as its major publishing houses, have headquarters here. Many of the people here come from many parts of India as a result of the push and pull factors of migration.

Mumbai case study

Many of the people work in very poor working conditions, and includes children. This suburbanisation has involved not just the growth of residential areas but also the relocation and growth of new industrial areas.

It is one of the most densely populated megacities in the world, particularly the Island City sector with a population density of 43, people per square kilometre. Profits will come later by selling additional apartments at market rates. The Brazilian government also moved a lot dhadavi people out of shanty towns and into low cost, basic housing estates with plumbing, electricity and transport links. Ycse open space on various levels allows women to preserve an afternoon tradition, getting together to do embroidering.

This makes it a prime target for redevelopment. Vichare from Tadomall College in Mumbai, Professor Vicziany has started speaking to the residents to generate a list of priorities for the area. Vase such phenomenon fuelling this growth geoyraphy that of planned towns new towns in the UK. These space ways allow various activities to be linked, such as garment workshops, while maintaining a secluded living space on another.

Online Geography Resources

Photo by Robert Appleby. However, it is humans who work to sift the rubbish in the tips where children and women sift through the rubbish for valuable waste.

Many daily chores are done in social spheres because people live close to one another. Impacts of urbanisation – Dharavi slum.


geography aqa : dharavi case study

Mumbai is located on a peninsular on the Western coast of Maharashtra state in western India, bordering the Arabian Sea. The increase in wealth is used to develop both secondary and university education, further increasing the skills base of the urban area.

Back to top Counterurbanisation in Mumbai The map below shows that some of the population of Mumbai is also counterurbanising, with a decline in population over a 20 year period within the original heart of the city in Mumbai district.

Indeed, Dharavi is trying to do in 20 years what the west did indevelop. This suburbanisation has had consequences.

The largest growth is in those districts directly to the East of Salsette Island, and even districts 50 or more kilometres from Mumbai are growing. Next, the areas around these communication links are developed. The value of land is so high that redevelopment is now a real threat.

Global change Unit stury Breeze blocks and other materials pipes for plumbing etc were given as long as people updated their homes. Sincethe graph shows dhaavi inexorable rise in the population of Mumbai, from 8 million in to 21 million now.

Suburbanisation in Mumbai Mumbai now has a long history of suburbanisation, and many key events have occurred in the suburbanisation process, initially in a Northwards direction along major transport routes such as roads and rail links, and now in an Eastward direction.