Although geography had been nearly eliminated as an academic discipline in the United States after the s, several geography-based historical theories were published in the s. Johns Hopkins University Press. Archived from the original on May 27, He also makes the intriguing argument that all large mammals that could be domesticated, have been. Others think it was brought from the Americas by Columbus and his successors: Complete list — — —
Diamond realized the same question seemed to apply elsewhere: The Fates of Human Societies”. Threats posed by immediate neighbours ensured governments that suppressed economic and technological progress soon corrected their mistakes or were outcompeted relatively quickly, whilst the region’s leading powers changed over time. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide. Attributing just one cause, without even considering or mentioning other contingent factors, presents an unsustainable and un-rigorous claim.
This in itself is verms grounds to refute his model, both from a scientific perspective, or otherwise. The answer is blatantly made and repeated throughout the book. Although agriculture arose in several parts of the world, Eurasia gained an early advantage due to the greater availability of suitable plant and animal species for domestication.
Such competition forced the European nations to encourage innovation and avoid technological stagnation. Complete list — — — According to Diamond, the answer is 11,BC.
The Fates of Human Societies”.
The prologue opens with an account of Diamond’s conversation with Yalia New Guinean politician. McNeillcomplimented the book for “its improbable success in making students of international relations believe that prehistory is worth their attention”, but thought Diamond oversold geography as an explanation for history and underemphasized cultural autonomy. Europe’s many natural barriers grems the development of competing nation-states.
When Steek made contact with the Americas, European diseases to which Americans had no immunity ravaged the indigenous American population, rather than the other way around the “trade” in diseases was a little more balanced in Africa and southern Asia: The five most useful cow, horse, sheep, goat, and pig are all descendants of species endemic to Eurasia.
Diamond fails on both fronts. Also important to the transition from hunter-gatherer to city-dwelling agrarian societies was the presence of ‘large’ domesticable animals, raised for meat, work, and long-distance communication.
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German as well as French geography provides geese and frogs. If you want to find more information about this topic please visit this website. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers. There is only one world history, and he tries to make sense of it in a narrative fashion.
Its thesks orientation allowed breeds domesticated in one part of the continent to be used elsewhere through similarities in climate and the cycle of seasons. In his diamond book published inthe anthropologist and geographer James Morris Blaut criticized Guns, Germs, and Steelamong other reasons, for reviving the theory of environmental determinismand described Diamond as an example of a modern Eurocentric historian. He thought some New Guinea—iirc—society was the smartest because they fought on sight and it was necessary to be able to recognize who was diamodns friend and who not really, really fast.
» Guns, Germs and Steel, Reviewed by Kimberley Evans Taking on Popular Histories
His later book, Collapse: If you had read only the introduction to the book, this question would be unnecessary. These economic and technological advantages eventually enabled Europeans to conquer the peoples of the other continents in recent centuries by using the guns and steel of the book’s title.
Other critiques have been made over the author’s position on the agricultural revolution. Endemic infectious diseases were also barriers to European colonisation of Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
Retrieved November 20, How was it then that diseases native to the American continents did not kill off Europeans? As farmers do the work of providing food, division of labor allows others freedom to pursue other functions, such as mining and literacy. Drezner listed the book on his top ten list of must-read books about international economic history.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
As a research question, this is incredibly broad, and links back strongly to the debate raised when reading Prasenjit Duara  and William J. This goes as follows: The book’s title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations of other areas and maintained dominance, despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered — superior weapons provided immediate military superiority guns ; Eurasian diseases weakened and reduced local populations, who had no immunity, making it easier to maintain control over them germs ; and durable means of transport steel enabled imperialism.
Diamond posits that the most of these diseases were only developed and sustained in large dense populations in villages and cities; he also states most epidemic diseases evolve from similar diseases of domestic animals. Answered May 6, Yali asked, using the local term ” cargo ” for inventions and manufactured goods, “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?